Outstanding international connectivity
Catalonia's connectivity to the rest of the world is facilitated by its concentration of industry and consumers, with access to a large market. In Catalonia, the industry has a more significant impact on GDP, accounting for 20.1% of the total, whereas, in Spain, it represents 17.6% of the overall GDP. In addition, the logistics network has access to 400 million consumers in less than 48 hours through air, train, shipping, or road transport.
Its geostrategic position allows for efficient intercontinental connections with Asia and America, facilitating proximity distribution with southern Europe and northern Africa. Furthermore, the region has a port, airport, free-trade zone, and logistics areas with storage capacity, all within an area of 12 km.
The Barcelona-El Prat airport was named the world's third best airport (with 40-50 million passengers) in the Skytrax World Airport Awards, 2023, and was Spain's second airport in terms of transported goods volume in 2022, with a year-on-year growth of 14.3%. The ports of Barcelona and Tarragona have specialized product services and infrastructures, with Tarragona playing a vital role in importing, exporting, and distributing gas, petrol, and chemical products in Spain and the wider Mediterranean region. The Port of Barcelona connects with 178 ports worldwide and is a benchmark port in the Euro-Mediterranean region. It was also named the second most attractive port for logistics investment, just behind Rotterdam in the Savills 2020 Port Logistics Ranking.
Catalonia's high-capacity road infrastructure per surface area unit is 1.5 times higher than the Spanish average and 2.5 times higher than the EU-28 average. In addition, its extensive railway network of almost 1,800 km connects the main cities of Catalonia with the rest of Spain and France.
Catalonia is also home to a section of one of the nine priority corridors of the Trans-European Transport Network, connecting Algeciras with the Hungarian-Ukrainian border and scheduled for completion in 2030.
A magnet for international operators and investment
Major companies, including Amazon, Honda Logistics, Ikea, AkzoNobel, and UPS, have established operations centers in Catalonia. These serve as hubs for supplying Europe, North Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Middle East.
Between 2018 and 2022, Catalonia was Spain's leading logistics FDI destination, with investment from firms such as Lidl, Hutchison Ports, and Henkel, among others. Over 75 companies have invested in the Catalan logistics sector in the last five years, with over 95 FDI projects materializing in this period. The top three investor countries were Germany, the USA, and France.