April 2014.- The World Investment Report focuses on trends in foreign direct investment (FDI) worldwide and at the regional and country levels. Published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) it also includes emerging measures to improve FDI’s contribution to development.
While still based on provisional data for 2013, the UNCTAD estimates global FDI at 1,461 million dollars, a rise of 11% on 2012. Following the fall in 2012 compared with 2011 this means that investment has recovered to pre-crisis levels.
As the graph shows, UNCTAD forecasts for 2014 and 2015 indicate continuing growth.
By geographical area, FDI flows in developed countries remain at a low point (39% of the total) for the second consecutive year), although they are up 11.6% on the 2012 figures. The rate in developing countries has also risen by 6.2% representing 52% of the total global FDI flows in 2013.
The countries where growth has been most considerable are those in transition but they still represent a very small part of total global FDI flows. In fact this growth consolidates the tendency for developed countries to be losing sway and the growing trend for participation by developing countries in international investment flows.
As the graphs show, while in 2000 developed economies represented 81% of total FDI ($1,138bn) and developing countries showed less than 18% ($256bn), by 2013 the balance had changed radically. Over the last 13 years developed economies have experienced a drop of more than 49% and currently stand at $567bn while developing economies have seen growth of 197%, overtaking the developed economies to stand at $183bn.
Analyzing the regional situation we can see that in 2013 the 25% increase in FDI in the EU was greater than that in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the countries of North America. Investments in Africa grew by 6.8% and in Asia there was a slight decrease with respect to 2012 levels.
The geographical distribution of FDI flows in 2013 continues showing the dominance of Asia, with almost 28% of worldwide FDI, followed by the European economies and Latin American and Caribbean (20% each respectively) and North America. By countries, the top ranking is US ($159 bn), China ($127 bn) and Russia ($94 bn), which grew 83%. Spain is in 13th place in terms of worldwide FDI attraction with $37 bn, 33% higher than the previous year. Within the EU, Spain represents 13% of total and is the 3rd country with higher investment volume after the UK and Ireland and over countries like Germany or Holland.
fDi Markets. Projects, investments and jobs from international investments 2013.
Another source of information on international investments is fDi Markets, a service from the Financial Times. fDi Markets is the most comprehensive online database of crossborder greenfield investments available. It provides access to real-time monitoring of investment projects, capital investment and job creation, and covers all countries and sectors.
According to fDi Markets, Spain is the fourth destination country in Europe for foreign investment projects after the UK, Germany and France.
Catalonia – the fourth region of continental Europe in terms of attracting foreign investment projects.
By region, Catalonia is seventh in the European ranking with 91 projects, placing it fourth in the regions of continental Europe in terms of attracting foreign investment projects.
Regions comparable to Catalonia are Île de France, Scotland, Southern Finland and West-Nederland.
In terms of volume of investment it is the first region in continental Europe, after South East England, the West Midlands and Ireland, and in terms of job creation associated with the projects Catalonia is also first in continental Europe with 7,427 jobs, only behind South East England and Ireland.
Within Spain, Catalonia is the clear leader.
According to fDi Markets, Catalonia was the leader in attracting foreign investment projects, number of jobs created and volume of investment attracted by the whole of Spain in 2013.