Spending on R&D in Catalonia in 2015 grew for the first time since 2008, reaching a volume of3,106.8 million euros, 5.8% more than in 2014 (2,937.7 M€).
This growth on R&D in Catalonia is higher than in the rest of Spain, where spending on R&D increased by 2.7% (1.8% in Spain not including Catalonia). In fact, Catalonia is the region where R&D spending grows the most. Catalonia accounts for 23.6% of Spanish R&D expenditure, seven percentage points more than the previous year.
R&D increase is largely due to business expenditure and higher education
Business expenditure in R&D in Catalonia in 2015 came to 1,772.9 million euros, 6.0% more than in 2014 (1672.1 M€). A growth rate far higher than the rest of Spain, where business expenditure increased by 2.0% (0.7% in Spain not including Catalonia).
Business expenditure in R&D in Catalonia represents 57.1% of the total R&D expenditure (two percentage points more than in 2014), a percentage higher than the 52.5% for all Spain. Catalonia accounts for 25.6% of business expenditure on R&D in Spain, one percentage point more than in 2014.
The public administration cost in R&D in Catalonia increases 2.3% to 605.0 M€ and higher education R&D spending rises 7.3% to 714.9 M€; in both cases it is the first increase since 2010. In the whole of the Spanish State, public administration expenditure in R&D increased by 4.6% and R&D spending in higher education is up 2.7%.
Therefore, the total increase in R&D in Catalonia in 2015, growing in all sectors, is mainly due toincreased business spending and higher education R&D, while in the whole of Spain it is mainly due to the increase in the public administration.
R&D intensity (R&D/GDP) grows to 1.52%
With regard to R&D spending compared to GDP in Catalonia, it rises from 1.49% in 2014 to 1.52% in 2015, higher than the average ratio in all Spain, which drops from 1.24% (2014) to 1.22%.
Regarding people working in R&D activity, fulltime workers in Catalonia increased by 2.1%, going from 43,898.4 in 2014 to 44,826.2 in 2015. Catalonia is home to 22.3% of the Spanish workforce dedicated to R&D, four percentage points higher than the previous year.